1.) How does European colonization in Asia and Africa compare with American imperialism and manifest destiny?
2.) What do Rhodes, Kipling, Roosevelt, and Sarmiento share in their vision of white men’s role in civilizing the world? Where do they differ?
3.) How do these authors imagine “non-white” people and women fitting into their vision of progress?
1.] How is colonialism and white leadership being challenged at the turn of the 20th century? [Can you list four examples?]
2.] How does the novelist José Rizal use his central character, Crisotomo Ibarra, to criticize the problems of Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines? What role do ideas about manliness and race play in this argument?
3.] How does José Martí criticize the U.S. and Europe and propose Latin America as an alternative? How are Martí’s concepts of manliness and race important to these arguments?
4.] How does Ida B. Wells’ writing challenge notions about the white man’s burden?
5.] For Qui Jin, what is the connection between reforming the Chinese family and modernization?
9.) What are some of the differences between the Mexican and Russian Revolutions? Similarities?
10.) According to the Plan de Ayala, what are the Zapatistas’ economic goals regarding land? What are the Zapatistas’ political goals for Mexico?
11.) According to Vladimir Lenin, what is the role of the proletariat (the urban working class) in creating revolutionary change? What is the role of middle-class intellectuals like himself? Of peasants?
12.) How does Bolshevik feminist Alexandra Kollantai imagine socialism reshaping relationships between men and women in the family?