PSYC 407: Final exam review of concepts
Personality Theories ninth edition by Barbara Engler.
Chapter 11 – Big Five, Evolution, and Genetics
Nature/nurture impact on personality, Cattell’s view of personality, factor analysis, syntality, OCEAN, five-factor theory, Costa and McCrae, five-factor model, twin studies and behavioral genetics, fraternal and identical twins, human genome and shared DNA, evolution and behavior patterns, inclusive fitness
Chapter 13 – Humanism
Roger’s view of self, subjective experiences, actualization, organismic valuing process, congruence, creativity, genuineness
Chapter 14 – Existential Psychoanalysis and Rollo May
Existentialism compared to psychoanalysis, the focus of existential psychoanalysis, May’s view of knowledge, lawfulness and predictability versus the real person, powerlessness, views of anxiety, alienation and isolation, the role of sickness and the self, four stages of consciousness of self, May’s attitude toward feelings, the daimonic, love, care, intentionality, truth, myths, view of determinism, ontological questions of personality, technology’s influence on personality
Chapter 16 – Cognitive Behavioral Theories and Albert Ellis
What do cognitive behavioral theories have in common?, Adler and Ellis, interactional and transactional, emotional disturbance, ABC theory of personality, the role of the therapist, irrational belief, goal of REBT, desensitization, implosion, applications of REBT, cognitive schemas
Chapter 17 – Zen Buddhism
2 styles of Zen, wisdom and compassion, the Tripitaka, bodhisattva, dependent origination, 3 characteristics of existence, the Eightfold Path, karma, anatta, the idea of the personal self, 5 skandhas, nirvana, characteristics of a truly enlightened person, levels of consciousness, practicing zazen, koan, physiological responses to meditation, the significance of gassho, autotelic activity, the expression of bowing, saijojo, satori, Enlightenment, the difference between eastern and western psychotherapies, dukkha, morita therapy, naikan therapy, shinkeishitsu

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