binary compounds

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    binary compounds
    1. For the following binary compounds:
    Midterm Exam 2. Practice problems.

    1. For the following binary compounds:

    a) Sort compounds on two groups –
    ionic compounds and molecular compounds (compounds with covalent bonding)

    b) Provide formulas for both groups (remember: there are different rules for naming ionic and covalent compounds)

    sodium iodide _____________________________________

    magnesium oxide _____________________________________

    silicon tetrachloride _____________________________________

    sulfur dioxide _____________________________________

    diphosphorus pentoxide _____________________________________

    calcium fluoride _____________________________________

    lithium oxide _____________________________________

    carbon tetrafluoride _____________________________________

    2. Provide names for the following compounds:

    a) Ionic

    KI _____________________________________________

    CaO _____________________________________________

    MgBr2 _____________________________________________

    Na2O _____________________________________________

    b) molecular (covalent)

    SF6 _____________________________________________

    P2O5 _____________________________________________

    NO3 _____________________________________________

    N2O5 _____________________________________________

    3. Complete following reactions and:

    a) Use your knowledge of octet rule to find out the formula of the product. Indicate the charge on each ion (it will help you to decide what subscripts you need for each element).

    b) Balance the reaction.

    Na + O2è

    K2O + H2O è

    Ca + O2è

    MgO + H2O è

    4. Consider the reaction:

    2S + 3O2è 2SO3

    Following questions are independent from each other
    a)How many moles of SO3 will be formed if there are 2.3 moles of O2 and sulfur is present in excess?

    b) How many moles of each reactant (S and O2) do you need to get 6 moles of SO3?

    c) How many grams of SO3 will be formed from 41g of S if oxygen is in excess?

    d) This reaction was performed with 64 g of S and 64 g of O2.

    d1)What was the limiting reactant in this case?

    d2)What was the theoretical yield?

    d3)What was the percent yield if there were 60 g of SO3 collected?

    5.Draw a Lewis structure for the molecule of water (H2O), the molecule of methane(CH4), and the molecule of ammonia (NH3). Remember to obey the octet rule. Mark lone pairs on the Lewis structure.

    6. Write the reaction of oxidation of Na by Cl using a Lewis structure

    Na + Cl è NaCl

    7. True or false:
    a) Covalent bondinginvolves the transfer of valence electrons from one atom to another atom
    b) in the compounds with ionic bonding elements hold together by Coulombic force.
    c)An ionic bond is formed when two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
    d) When atoms share two electron pairs it is called the double bond.
    e) The valence electrons which don’t participate in the covalent bond are called the lone pairs.

    9. For the following elements : Na, F, Mg, S

    a) draw the Lewis structure for each element and determine how many electrons should be gained or lost according to the octet rule.

    d) For each element indicate what kind of ion is formed. (Hint: how do we call a negatively charged ion? a positively charged ion?) Indicate the charge of the ion.

    10. True or false:

    a) Ionization energy is the energy required to remove one electron from the atom.

    b) the atomic radius decreasing when going down a group in the periodic table.

    c) the elements of the groupVII in the periodic table are metals

    11. Write the formulas of the following compounds.

    Aluminum sulfate _________________________________

    Sodium carbonate _________________________________

    Ammonium hydroxide _________________________________

    Potassium phosphate _________________________________

    12. Write the names of the following compounds.

    K2CO3 __________________________________

    NaOH __________________________________

    KNO3 __________________________________

    MgSO4 __________________________________

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