Choose five passages (1-4 sentences in length) from Michel Foucault (pp. 380-390). You may choose from those offered here or from others from the readings from Michel Foucault (pp. 380-390). For each passage write a substantive brief essay explaining the passage’s meaning in light of Foucault’s views as presented in the larger reading selection. Minimum: 50 words each Be aware that I am attached you a copy of the Foucault reading.
Choose each passage, making sure that you understand it in light of Foucault’s general views, write out the passage, and then explain it in your own words. Be sure to explain the full quote, not simply a piece of it.
Remember: explain the concepts we have been dealing with in your own words. Imagine that you are explaining them to someone who has not read the course material but is intelligent and interested.
And please use sources just from the attached.
You may choose from those offered here or from others from the readings from Michel Foucault (pp. 380-390).
Here’s the quotes:
1- “There was a steady proliferation of discourses concerned with sex – specific discourses, different from one another both by their form and by their object: a discursive ferment that gathered momentum from the eighteenth century onward.” (Foucault, p. 383)
2- “This scheme for transforming sex into discourse had been devised long before in an ascetic and monastic setting.” (Foucault, p. 384)
3- “What is peculiar to modern societies, in fact, is not that they consigned sex to a shadow existence, but that they dedicated themselves to speaking of it ad infinitum, while exploiting it as the secret.” (Foucault, p. 385)
4- Explain at least two of the following “principal features” Foucault describes in common conceptions of power: “the negative relation,” “the insistence of the rule,” “the cycle of prohibition,” “the logic of censorship,” “the uniformity of the apparatus.” (Foucault, p. 386)
5- “…power is tolerable only on condition that it mask a substantial part of itself. Its success is proportional to its ability to hide its own mechanisms.” (Foucault, p. 387)
6- “…power must be understood in the first instance as the multiplicity of force relations immanent in the sphere in which they operate and which constitute their own organization.” (Foucault, p. 387)
7- “Power is not something that is acquired, seized, or shared, something that one holds on to or allows to slip away; power is exercised from innumerable points, in the interplay of non-egalitarian and mobile relations.” (Foucault, p. 388)
8-“Power comes from below; that is, there is no binary and all-encompassing opposition between rulers and ruled at the root of power relations, and serving as a general matrix – no such duality extending from the top down and reacting on more and more limited groups to the very depths of the social body.” (Foucault, p. 388)
9- “Power is everywhere; not because it embraces everything, but because it comes from everywhere.” (Foucault, p. 388)
10- “Should we turn the expression around, then, and say that politics is war pursued by another means?” (Foucault, p. 388)
11- “Power relations are both intentional and non-subjective. If in fact they are intelligible, this is not because they are the effect of another instance that “explains” them, but rather because they are imbued, through and through, with calculation: there is no power that is exercised without a series of aims and objectives. But this does not mean that it results from the choice or decision of an individual subject…” (Foucault, p. 388)
12- “Where there is power, there is resistance, and yet, or rather consequently, this resistance is never in a position of exteriority in relation to power.” (Foucault, p. 389)